Seeds, fertilizer and varieties to grow these popular flower types for bouquets, wedding work, and your home garden.
Gladioli bloom from June to September and symbolize infatuation as well as integrity and strength.
Autumn is here, and many gardeners like to continue gardening through the season. The crisp, cool weather shouldn’t deter you from adding new plants to your garden or home landscape.
As soon as the leaves begin to fall in autumn, I like to plant spring-flowering bulbs which will provide an early-season splash of color next spring and for years to come. Many spectacular spring flowers grow from bulbs, and although they differ greatly in size, shape and color, they all share one characteristic: They must be planted in the fall.
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Bulbs are underground stems
The word “bulb” is associated with a family of herbaceous perennial plants that store nourishment for the plant’s life cycle during dormant periods when the weather is either too hot or too cold for them to flower. A true bulb is defined as a modified underground stem usually surrounded by scale-like modified leaves and containing stored food reserves for the shoots enclosed in the bulb. Tulips, daffodils, hyacinths and lilies are examples of true bulbs. Crocus is not a true bulb, but rather a type of bulb called a corm, which is a mass of fleshy tissue with a bud on the top surface. Corms disintegrate each spring as the stored food that makes up the fleshy tissue is used to produce roots and shoots. A new corm then forms on the remains of the old one.
Additional types of bulbs include rhizomes such as irises; tuberous roots such as dahlias; and stem tubers such as potatoes.
Endless variety of spring flowers
Gardeners will find a startling array of spring-flowering bulbs available in a seemingly endless variety of colors and color combinations, size, flower shape and length of the flowering period. Hundreds of different varieties of spring flowering bulbs can be found at local garden centers or by mail directly from growers in the U.S. and in Holland.
soil temperature reaches 60 to 65 degrees. Depending on weather variation from season to season, soil temperatures in Greater Columbus typically reach 65 degrees near the first week of October. Planting spring-flowering bulbs in early October will allow them to develop root systems before the ground freezes. This is especially important for daffodils.
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Spring-flowering bulbs should be planted in locations that receive a minimum of five to six hours of full sun. Locations under deciduous trees or in woodland gardens are adequate, as the bulbs will flower before these trees fully leaf out in the spring.
Bulbs do best in soils with medium fertility and a pH between 6 and 7. Heavier clay soils should be amended with organic matter such as compost for maximum flower size. A complete fertilizer such as 5-10-10 can be applied to the planting bed at a rate of 3 pounds per 100 square feet.